r18 - 2023-03-20 - 08:56:08 - PaulEllisYou are here: TWiki >  Deployment Web > DeploymentTroubleshooting > PerformanceTroubleshooting > AttemptingToUseRTCOnWindowsOperatingSystemLeadsIntoNativeOutOfMemory

Attempting to use Collaborative Lifecycle Management on Windows operating system leads to NativeOutOfMemoryException (NOOME). new.png

Authors: NatarajanThirumeni , PaulEllis
Build basis: Engineering Lifecycle Management 5.x, 6.x, 7.x

This article was originally scoped to explain a situation observed when using Rational Team Concert (RTC) on Microsoft Windows 2008 R2 Operating System which can result in a NativeOutOfMemoryException (NOOME).
This article has been updated due to similar observations being made on Microsoft Windows operating systems in general, also including 2008 and 2012, during evaluation use of Engineering Lifecycle Management (ELM) 6.x

There have been additional use cases where we have observed native out of memory exceptions, with the Engineering Lifecycle Management 7.x suite, which are documented below with the advised actions to resolve.

A more comprehensive Troubleshooting native memory issues is available from the IBM Java team. If this simple wiki page is insufficient, then IBM Support recommend following the IBM Java reference document and create a case with IBM Support.

NOOMEs due to contention in the 4GB Windows memory space

Typically, we have observed NOOMEs when multiple Engineering Lifecycle Management applications were collocated on the same Windows server. This was especially prevalent when the Lifecycle Query Engine (LQE) had been installed alongside all of the other ELM applications required in a global configuration environment. This issue is one of many discussed in the Proof of Concept Sizing page, where we discuss implications of architectural decisions and what constitutes a supported configuration.

This tech note talks about Native out of memory error. Native OOM is totally different from Out of Memory Error (java.lang.OutOfMemoryError).

This tech note is about debugging Native out of memory error on Windows operating system. To debug NOOM - you'll have to collect number of performance logs or use logs which were created when system ran out of native memory error. Usually, these are essential logs to investigate Native out of memory error:

Application logs (ELM application and WAS or Liberty Logs)

Java core,



In some cases, system core dumps.

IBM support teams, level 2 & 3 should be able to investigate these logs to find out what may have caused an application server ran out of native out of memory. Based on our experience, we want to document at least couple of use cases where RTC ran out of native out of memory error. With the help of this documentation, you may be able to look at the logs on your own to see if you could take an appropriate action to prevent NOOM.

On Windows OS, there are many cases where an application server could ran out of native out of memory. Letís us take a look at two different use cases of NOOM where EWM (Engineering Workflow Manager) is deployed on a Window operating system.

There are a few options to resolve this problem. Please ensure that you test whichever solution is preferred before implementing in your production environment.

Use Case #1 (NOOM due to a shortage of 32-bit address space)

The ELM application server is running and unexpectedly the application server crashes with a NOOME. The crash generates Java cores and heap dumps and may even generate system core dumps. Looking at the Javacore in the first few lines reads

java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: native memory exhausted /Detail "java/lang/OutOfMemoryError" "native memory exhausted" received

and followed by NATIVEMEMINFO section shows various memory information and its allocation:

NATIVEMEMINFO subcomponent dump routine


JRE: 27,993,948,032 bytes / 652964 allocations

| +--VM: 27,114,530,200 bytes / 423805 allocations

| +--Classes: 624,129,600 bytes / 218169 allocations
| | +--Shared Class Cache: 94,371,840 bytes / 1 allocation
| | +--Other: 529,757,760 bytes / 218168 allocations
| +--Memory Manager (GC): 26,293,463,080 bytes / 5200 allocations
| | +--Java Heap: 25,769,865,216 bytes / 1 allocation
| | +--Other: 523,597,864 bytes / 5199 allocations | | +--Threads: 123,430,888 bytes / 1764 allocations
| | +--Java Stack: 16,110,464 bytes / 368 allocations
| | +--Native Stack: 102,662,144 bytes / 369 allocations
| | +--Other: 4,658,280 bytes / 1027 allocations

The allocation of VM and Garbage Collection indicate that this is due to shortage of 32-bit address space. The address space allocation is discussed in details in IBM Java tech note, for more information please read / review.

If Xmcrs does not help, you may consult with IBM support.

Note, changes to Xmcrs require a an application server restart.

When using Link Index Provider (LDX)

We have seen the most successful remedy has been to use the Microsoft article FAQ for Development on 64-bit Windows, which states:

"On Windows, the operating system allocates memory in the lowest 4 GB of address space by default until that area is full. A large -Xmx value might be insufficient to avoid OutOfMemoryError exceptions.

Advanced users can change the default Windows allocation options by setting the registry key named HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management\AllocationPreference to (REG_DWORD) 0x100000.." This option will force allocations in top-down order, instead of the lower areas of RAM.

Use Case #2 (NOOM due to a Direct Byte Buffers (DBB) allocation on top of available OS memory)

Use case #2, is similar to use case #1, where you'll see Java core is pointing out to "java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: native memory exhausted". However if you take a closer look in the core file, you'll see application server is demanding high volume of Direct Byte Buffers. The direct memory region is demanding more memory because, the users are working with large files (examples, number of files in workspace and its content, parallel workspace loads and workitem attachments). These large files, could drive DBB region to run of native memory. Lets take a look how to prevent:

a) You may want to reduce amount of files which are being downloaded on the client systems (developers workspace , build machines and etc). If you believe client systems are repeatedly downloading same content from the server then you should consider to introduce a content proxy server to reduce load om the application server.

b) If you can't control amount of files are being loaded on the client systems, another option is provide more memory to operating system itself which may prevent NOOM.

In our case #2, system run out of native memory - to confirm this symptoms, open a Java core, search for Direct Byte Buffers: under NATIVEMEMINFO region

NATIVEMEMINFO subcomponent dump routine


|JRE: 33,704,575,224 bytes / 1899498 allocations

+--VM: 18,037,204,920 bytes / 41309 allocations

| +--Classes: 336,463,736 bytes / 22753 allocations
| | +--Shared Class Cache: 94,371,840 bytes / 1 allocation
| | +--Other: 242,091,896 bytes / 22752 allocations
| +--Memory Manager (GC): 17,531,872,344 bytes / 3572 allocations
| | +--Java Heap: 17,179,930,624 bytes / 1 allocation
| | +--Other: 351,941,720 bytes / 3571 allocations
| +--Threads: 70,219,216 bytes / 1123 allocations




| | | +--Direct Byte Buffers: 15,169,455,128 bytes / 1832570 allocations

As you can see, Direct Byte Buffers is demanding over 15 GBs. And in our case, the OS has 32 GB of RAM. The JVM is using 16 GB of heap. Naturally, the OS don't have enough memory to go beyond 32 GBs. At this point, native out of memory is expected as there isn't enough memory.

The changes to OS memory changes require a server restart.

Other Solutions

If either of these use cases (use case #1 or use case #2) does not help - its highly suggested go to to IBM support and seek for further level of debugging.

Need more helps? Open PMR

Should you have any issues or concerns, open a PMR then we can help you.

IBM Service Request links:

IBM Service Request: https://www.ibm.com/support/servicerequest/

IBM Service Request user information: https://www-946.ibm.com/sr/help/

IBM Service Request Helpdesk: https://www-946.ibm.com/sr/help/sr_helpdesk.html

Related topics: Deployment web home, Deployment web home

External links:

Additional contributors: KeithWells, MariusLuca

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