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IBM Rational Requirements Composer

Definition Management Analysis

Rational Requirements Composer 4.0

Product Release / Trial | June 12, 2012
This is not the most recent version. We recommend Rational Requirements Composer 4.0.7 . This is made available for archival purposes and may contain bugs and/or security vulnerabilities. If you do download this version, it is being provided AS IS, without warranties of any kind, including the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. We strongly advise you review the support pages for this version and update the product or take actions recommended therein. Security bulletins contain instructions for the security vulnerability addressed therein, and may require upgrading to a newer version. Link to security vulnerability blog: IBM PSIRT blog.

Rational Requirements Composer 4.0 RC5 New and Noteworthy

Rational Requirements Composer 4.0 "New and Noteworthy"

This is a summary of the main new features and improvements in the 4.0 release of Rational Requirements Composer.

Rational Requirements Composer is an integral part of the Rational solution for Collaborative Lifecycle Management (CLM), which provides seamless integrations for application lifecycle management with reduced cost of ownership and administration, improved cross-product visibility and reporting, and lifecycle integrations.

For information on new features and changes in other parts of the Collaborative Lifecycle Management solution, see the Jazz Foundation 4.0 "New and Noteworthy", the Rational Team Concert 4.0 "New and Noteworthy", the Rational Quality Manager 4.0 "New and Noteworthy".

Table of contents:

Clustering for high availability

Server rename

Graphical links explorer for traceability

Suspect links

Write-access control

Dashboards and widgets

Identify and create requirements

Requirements Interchange Format (ReqIF)

Project templates

Multi-value attributes

Sample project improvements

Usability enhancements


Report defaults

Clustering for high availability

Clustering provides high availability with automatic failover. To find out how to obtain the necessary supporting programs for clustering and how to deploy the Rational solution for CLM in a cluster, see the High Availability with Rational solution for CLM 2012 Clustering article on and the Setting up a clustered environment infocenter topic.

Server rename

In V4.0, you can change the public URLs of one or more of the servers or applications in your deployment. In previous releases, changing a public URL after deployment was not possible. While planning a deployment and choosing stable URLs is still highly encouraged, there are some situations which require a URL change because other techniques for preserving URLs, such as DNS and reverse proxy, are not sufficient. For example, these situations likely require a URL change:

  • Cross-geography relocation
  • Reorganization
  • Acquisition
  • Dropping a domain name
  • Data center consolidation
  • Alignment with corporate naming policies

For additional information on server rename, please see the Changing the public URL using server rename infocenter topic and the related article.

Graphical Links Explorer

You can now visualize traceability links graphically by using the graphical links explorer, as shown in the next image. To open the graphical links explorer for one artifact, use the Links sidebar of the artifact. To open the graphical links explorer for several artifacts, use the artifact list.

links explorer

In the graphical links explorer, you can edit the title of an artifact, add new links, or delete links.

editing in the links explorer

The graphical links explorer supports three layouts. When you hover your cursor over a node, the rich hover for the requirement that the node represents is displayed.

example layout view in links explorer

Graphical links explorer has a quick create mode, where you can create artifacts similar to how you would in a concept map editor. When you enable quick create mode, you are prompted for default link type, artifact type, and directory. After you specify that information, you can click the Add link icon on the toolbar of the tree nodes to create a blank artifact. The blank artifact is represented by a tree node that is in edit mode.

selecting default setting in links explorer

Suspect Links

You can use suspect analysis to discover changes across traceability links among requirement and other lifecycle elements, including between test and requirement artifacts, and between development and requirement artifacts. In the Suspicion Profile Administration application, you can define suspicion in project areas across the applications in the Rational solution for Collaborative Lifecycle Management (CLM). To open the Suspicion Profile Administration application, from the Administration menu, click Manage Suspicion Profiles.

Manage Suspicion Profiles menu option

You can also access the Suspicion Profile Administration application from the Jazz Team Server administration page. In the Requirements Management section, click Suspicion Profiles.

Suspicion Profiles menu option

The following image shows the home page of the Suspicion Profile Administration application:

Suspicion Profile Administration

You can define multiple suspicion profiles for each project area. To define a suspicion profile for a project area, from the home page of the Suspicion Profile Administration application, click the project area name.

Multiple Suspicion Profiles

For each suspicion profile, you can define the link types that will participate in suspicion and the end-point artifact types and attributes

Profile Details

After you define your profiles, when an artifact is marked as suspect, it is flagged with an icon in the Overview section

Overview section

To see more information about the source of suspicion, hover your cursor over the suspicion icon.

suspicion icon

Links that are suspect are also flagged with the suspicion icon.

links flagged with suspicion icon

To view suspicion in the artifact list, use the Suspicion column.

suspicion column

If an artifact is suspect, the suspicion icon is shown next to the artifact.

suspicion icon next to artifact

The requirements view widget also shows suspicion:

requirement view widget

Write Access Control

New write access permissions

You can configure process permissions for each project area and for individual team areas in a project area. You can configure the create, modify, and delete permissions for folders, artifact types, and link types. You can also specify whether users can modify the team ownership assignments that are associated with each folder and artifact. For artifact types and link types, you can configure the permissions at various levels of granularity. For example, for artifacts you might configure the following permissions:

  • Can create artifacts
  • Can create artifacts, but not Vision artifacts
  • Can modify artifacts, but not the Priority attribute for Business Goal artifacts
  • Cannot delete Vision artifacts

For links, you can configure permissions such as "can create links," "can create links, but not Decomposition links," or "cannot delete Decomposition links."

Each project area might be associated with one or more team areas. You can configure the default permissions at the project level. To configure permissions, go to the Team Configuration area in the Permissions section of the project. To assign finer-grained permissions, you can create a team area for the project in which you configure its permissions to be more specific to address your needs.

For example, you might want a particular folder to contain only certain kinds of artifacts. In this case, you might specify at the project level that the create permission is enabled for all of the artifact types, but for a particular team area, the create permission is enabled only for Business Goals. Then, you can associate a specific folder with the team area by right-clicking the folder and clicking Assign Team Ownership. As a result, users will be permitted to create only Business Goal artifacts in the folder.

The next image is an example of how to configure project-level write access permissions.

project level write access permisions

This image shows how to configure write-access permissions that are based on a team area.

write access permisions based on team area

If you click Overview, which is displayed in the upper-left of the previous image, you can specify the team area members and their roles, such as author. If the user that you want to add is already a project member, you do not need to add the user as a member of the team area because he or she is implicitly a member of the team area. In the team area, the user has the same role that he or she has at the project level. If users are not members of the project, you must explicitly add them as team area members.

The next image shows an example in which a user named sue has been added with the author role to the Team1 team area.

adding user with author role to team area

The folder and artifact context menus, which are displayed as rows in the artifacts list, accommodate the new write-access permissions. The next image shows an example in which the user does not have modify permissions for a folder, but does have create and delete permissions for a folder and permission to assign team ownership.

assigning team ownership

If you click Assign Team Ownership, a window opens, as shown in the next image

associating project/team area

In the window, you can associate the folder with a particular process area, such as the project itself or one of the team areas of the project. You can also access this window from the context menu available for grid rows and from the Team Ownership field in the Overview sidebar section when you are editing an artifact.

The next image shows an example where the user cannot create, modify, or delete an artifact because of a permissions check. The permissions check is based on the artifact type; the assigned process area of the artifact, such as Team1; and the user's role in that process area.

permission check

The context menu that is associated with links contains menu items for link creation and deletion. Those items can be enabled or disabled based on permissions. For more details, see "Link creation and edit permissions."

In a row, you can edit only the cells of attributes that the permissions check determines that you are allowed to edit. If you use the context menu of a row to edit attributes, only the attributes that the permissions check determines that you can edit are displayed.

The next image shows a team area in which all Business Goal artifact attributes are editable except for the Priority attribute. When you use the context menu to edit the artifact, you can edit the status, but not the priority

team area with editable attributes

Similarly, if you were to edit this row in-line instead of by clicking Edit Artifact in the context menu, the cell editor icon is displayed when you hover your cursor over the Status cell only.

cell editor icon

If you open an artifact and edit it, the title, content area, and attributes of the artifact are enabled or disabled based on the permissions checks. As the following image shows, if you open the Business Goal artifact from the last example for editing, in the Overview sidebar section, you can edit the status, but not the priority.

overview sidebar section

When you move an artifact, the following write-access checks are now performed:

  • The "move artifact" action is enabled only if you have permission to delete an artifact that is of the artifact type of the artifact from the containing folder. This permission is based on the process area of the containing folder.
  • The "destination folder" is restricted to only those folders whose process areas support creating the artifact type of the artifact.

move artifact to folder

When you copy an artifact, the destination folder that you select is now restricted to a folder whose process area states that the artifact type of the source artifact can be created. For example, to copy an Actor artifact, the process area of the target folder must have "Create an artifact / Create an artifact of a specific type / Create Actor artifact" enabled.

copy artifact to folder

When you create an artifact, you are now restricted to only to artifact types that are enabled for creation in the process area of the target folder. For example, to create an Actor artifact, the process area of the target folder must have "Create an artifact / Create an artifact of a specific type / Create Actor artifact" permission enabled.

create an artifact with attributes

Team Ownership Overview

The Administration page has a new tab for administering team area assignments: Team Ownership Overview. You can reach this tab from the Administration menu by selecting Manage Project Properties.

On the tab, the tree view shows the differences in team area assignments for folders and artifacts. For example, if a folder contains a different team area assignment than its parent folder, the child folder is listed in the tree. Likewise, if an artifact has a different team area assignment than its containing folder, the artifact is listed in the tree. The following image shows both of these cases.

team ownership overview

You can reset the team area assignment by clicking the button that is to the right of every tree node. When you click the button, the Associate Project/Team Area window opens. This window is the same window that you use when you reset team area assignments by using the context menu for a folder or artifact.

Artifact editors

The artifact editors now detect the user's permissions when an artifact is in edit mode. For example, in the team area that is associated with the editor, if the "Modify the artifact's content" permission is not enabled, you cannot edit content of the artifact. Similarly, if the appropriate permissions are not granted, you cannot edit an artifact by using the input controls in the Overview section, such as Description and Priority. If the "Modify the artifact's public tags" permission is not enabled, you cannot edit the public tags of an artifact.

Context menus in query results

In the artifact list, and the collection editor, the context menus use your permissions to determine the menu items to display. However, this behavior occurs only when one row is selected. For example, if you are editing an artifact in a collection and the "Modify the artifact's content" permission is not enabled, the context menu looks like the following image.

context menu

As shown in the image, the following attributes that are based on the team area permissions are disabled:

  • "Modify the artifact's content:" The Create button and a few menu items are disabled.
  • "Modify the Boolean attribute:" The Boolean field in the Overview section is not editable.
  • "Modify the Priority attribute:" The Priority field in the Overview section is not editable.

In the artifact list and Collection editor, the edit permissions for individual cells are calculated based on the settings for the team area of the artifact, the type of the artifact, and the attribute that is being edited. For inline editing, if you do not have certain permissions, the edit controls are not shown when you hover your cursor over the area to edit. The following image shows the menu for a user who has permission to edit.

menu for user with edit permission

The next image shows the menu for a user who does not have permission to edit.

menu for user without edit permission

Team area assignments shown in the Filter by Folder area

In the Filter by Folder area, you can see which Team Area owns a folder by using the context menus of the folders. For example, the following image shows that the Reports folder is owned by the Developers Team Area.

reports folder owned by dev team area

Link creation and edit permissions

When you create a link, the permissions for creating, editing, and deleting links are enforced on both ends of the link.

Link permissions are set for team areas. As the next image shows, you can set link permissions in the Jazz Team Server Admin UI.

setting link permissions in the JTS Admin UI

If you do not have permission to create a link on both ends, you cannot create the link. The next shows how link types that you do not have permission for are displayed in the link type selector.

link type selector

The next image shows the warning that the artifact picker displays when an artifact that you select is of an artifact type that you do not have permission to modify.

artifact picker warning

Dashboards and widgets

All Projects Dashboard

The entry URL to the web client,, now opens a Requirements Management (RM) All Projects dashboard

RM All Projects dashboard

In order to create a personal dashboard, you can use the user dashboard provided by Jazz Foundation. You can create and access your user dashboard by clicking the Home button. In the Jazz Foundation dashboard, you can include all of the requirements management widgets that used to be in the Requirements Management dashboard.

The Requirements Dashboard link that used to be in the banner area is replaced with a Project Dashboard link, which opens the project dashboard that is associated with the currently opened project.

New project dashboards can include the new My Requirements Projects widget.

Project Dashboards

You can now associate dashboards with a project. New project dashboards are pre-configured to contain a Welcome widget and a set of RM-specific widgets that are scoped to the associated project. You can also add new widget that shows the project members. The following image shows these widgets on a project dashboard.

widgets on a product dashboard

If you click a project link from the Home menu or the My Projects widget, the associated project dashboard opens. From a project dashboard, you can open All Artifacts view of the associated project by clicking Artifacts > Browse Artifacts. As the next image shows, the My Requirements Project widget contains links to project dashboards. You can click the new "Show artifacts" link to open the All Artifacts view of the associated project.

My Requirements Project widget

Requirements view widget

You can create a Requirements view widget to display shared or personal queries. For example, the following image shows queries that are related to business rules.

queries related to business rules

Team members widget

You can now use the Team Members widget and the Project Members widget to view the entire RM project and team members on your dashboards. In this release, the Project Members section is no longer on the Artifacts page of the project.

team members widget

Identify and create requirements

By using a Microsoft Word, Open Document Text, or Rich Text Format document, you can now identify and create individual artifacts. You can specify artifact type for the headings and images in the document. You also use text delimiters when you identify requirements in a document to make into separate artifacts. You can mark up a document with text delimiters and then define those delimiters by using a wizard. Requirements are created from the text that is in the delimiters.

identify requirements

Requirements Interchange Format (ReqIF)

You can now import artifacts in a Requirements Interchange Format (ReqIF) file that was exported from Rational Requirements Composer or IBM Rational DOORS 9.4. You can upload a package file and import it at any time.

select package file

The ReqIF Manager tab lists all of the ReqIF files that are associated with a ReqIF definition. From this list, you can download a ReqIF file, view a report for that file, delete the file, and export a ReqIF definition.

ReqIF file list

The ReqIF wizard is now keyboard accessible. You can navigate the ReqIF import wizard by pressing the Tab key, and you can activate elements by pressing the Spacebar key.

Project templates

On the Template tab of the project properties administration page, you can download and upload project templates. You can download a project from one repository and upload and use the project in another repository.

template tab of project properties

Multi-value attributes

You can now handle long lists of multi-value attributes by using a filter. To reduce the number of entries that are displayed, type in the filter field. Only the entries whose titles contain the text that you typed will be displayed.

If you click a multi-value enumeration entry, press Shift, and click another entry, all of the entries between the entries that you clicked are selected. All of the entries will be changed to reflect the state of the newly selected one, so this can be used to select all and deselect all entries. If the entries are constrained by a filter, only the entries that match the filter visible are selected or deselected.

multi-value enumeration values

The multi-value selection window can be scaled to large numbers of possible values. You can filter the choices to allow the correct entry to be chosen, click and press Shift to select many options, and either truncate the values that are displayed or show all of them.

filtered multi-value enumeration values

When you edit multiple artifacts from the grid and select a multi-value enumeration for editing, a list is displayed that shows which values are used in all of the edited artifacts (selected), which are not used (cleared), and which are used in some but not others (a filled box).

You can select or deselect values to add or remove them from all of the artifacts. When you add or remove values, the other values are not affected.

selecting and deselecting values

You can convert attribute definitions from single-valued to multi-valued and from multi-valued to single-valued. You can always convert attribute definitions from single-valued to multi-valued. However, you cannot convert attribute definitions from multi-valued to single-valued for an attribute, if any artifacts have multiple values for that attribute. As the following image shows, artifacts that have multiple values for an attribute are listed so that you can manually correct them.

artifacts with multiple values for an artifact

The queries with multi-value attributes support several filter operators.

filter operators

When an administrator is creating or editing enumerated lists of values for an attribute data type, the administrator can do these actions:

  • Copy and paste a large list of items so that the items are added in bulk, rather than one at a time.

add multiple values

Select multiple values in the list to be moved or deleted.

text here

Sample project improvements

Money that Matters, the JKE Banking sample, now contains new process guidance, artifacts, icons, and artifact types to support the 2012 scenario that is being self-hosted

Usability enhancements

Simple URL

You can use the breadcrumb for each artifact to access the simple URL, or permalink, of an artifact. To copy the permalink to the clipboard, right-click the newly added icon at the end of the breadcrumb, and use the context menu of the browser. For Firefox, click Copy Link Location. If you click the icon, a window opens from which you can also select and copy the permalink to the clipboard.

simple URL

Multiple file uploads

You can now upload multiple files. In Firefox, you can upload multiple files by dragging and dropping them. In Internet Explorer or Firefox, you can select multiple files and then upload them in the Upload File window, as shown in the following image.

multiple file uploads

Tree view

You can now view a hierarchy tree for artifacts on the Artifacts page. The collapse/expand control is now merged with the left-most non-system column on display.

hierarchy tree for artifacts

The hierarchy configuration has been simplified. In the simplified tree configuration window (shown in the image below), you can quickly apply and change link filters for the grid traceability view without having to create a specific rule. You can still add advanced rules, and you can combine rules with any link filters that are applied.

select link types to show

Query multiple filters

In the folders section, you can display artifacts from multiple folders. You can select multiple folders by pressing Ctrl + Click or Shift + Click. The results in the grid will match any of the selected folders.

selecting multiple folders

Artifact type icons

You can associate artifact types with a custom icon that is selected from a supplied system palette. After you select an image, all of the artifacts of that type are indicated by that icon.

change icon

Link to saved filters

As the following image shows, you can now get a link to a saved filter.

show link menu

Integrity of links after artifact deletion

In Rational Requirements Composer V3.0.1, when an artifact was deleted, its links remained in the repository and were displayed as broken links. Now when an artifact is deleted, any links to other artifacts are also deleted. For example, artifact A is linked to artifact B. If artifact A is deleted, when you view artifact B, a broken link is not shown to the deleted artifact A.

This functionality applies only to links between RM artifacts that are on one RM server. For example, if a requirement is linked to a test case and you delete the requirement, the reverse link that can be seen in the test case is not deleted. The Rational Quality Manager provides a mechanism to address this case.


This release includes substantial accessibility improvements. Most of these improvements are in the areas of keyboard navigability and support for screen readers

The left and right sidebars are now keyboard navigable and can be expanded and collapsed using the keyboard. When focus is on a section header, you can move focus to the previous header by pressing the Left Arrow or the Up Arrow. To move focus to the next header, you can press the Right Arrow or the Down Arrow. In addition, when focus is on a section header, you can press the Home key to move to the first header and the End key to move to the last header. If you press the Spacebar, you can expand the section. To collapse a section, press the Enter key.

To navigate the items in a list, press the Up and Down Arrow keys. In most cases, you can press Tab to move to the next element and press Shift+Tab to move to the previous element. For example, you can press Tab and Shift+Tab to navigate in these areas:

  • Views that are displayed in the Views section
  • Tags that are displayed in the Filter by Tags section
  • Various filters, such as Artifact Type, in the Filter by Attribute filter section

You can also use the Tab key to navigate sidebars and the separator control that separate them from the main content areas. When focus is on the separator between a sidebar and the main content, you can change the sidebars in various ways:

  • To resize a sidebar, press the arrow keys.
  • To minimize and maximize a sidebar, press Home and End.
  • To restore a sidebar, press Enter.

If you press Tab to move to the angle bracket (> or <) in the separator, you can press the Spacebar key to expand or collapse the separator.

In most cases, you can use the keyboard to navigate all of the focusable elements on pages and their associated windows. In addition, the underlying DOM structure for the user interface supports screen readers for blind and visually challenged people.

Report defaults

You can now set a default page size and font for reports. For more information, see the Available Reports page at .